Charlie Savage

The chairman of the Ways and Means Committee, Representative Richard E. Neal, sought Donald J. Trump’s return for the first time in 2019.Credit…Al Drago for The New York Times

If a federal law gives authority to the House Committee and the way to get the tax report for everyone from the IRS, it has been fighting for this right in court for four years. panel about a year before he defended former President Donald J. Trump.

The chairman of the Ways and Means Committee, Representative Richard E. Neal, Democrat of Massachusetts, sought the return of Mr. Trump’s first in 2019, after Democrats took over the House in the 2018 midterm elections and began trying to control the Trump administration.

Breaking with the modern model for major presidential candidates and sitting presidents, Mr. Trump has refused to announce his return. In keeping with a vow to vote on all Democratic appeals, the Treasury Department, which owns the IRS, has instructed its administration not to comply with the request.

After the committee filed a lawsuit to enforce its request, Mr. Trump’s lawyers promised to fight it “tooth and nail.”

The core of the conflict is whether the Assembly has a legitimate fundraising objective. Mr. Neal said the committee is studying an IRS program that oversees the president. Mr. Trump’s lawyers said it was an allegation of political expediency.

The case was assigned to a Trump appointee, Judge Trevor N. McFadden of the Federal District Court for the District of Columbia, who has not ruled in years, prompting Mr. Trump to time is running out before the 2020 election.

After the Biden administration took office, the Justice Department said Congress had a legal right to the information it wanted. At the end of 2021, Judge McFadden finally ruled, agreeing that the law was in favor of the Committee on Ways and Means but warned that he believed it would be a bad idea to publicize the return of Mr. . Trump in public.

An appeals court upheld Judge McFadden’s decision. Last month, the Supreme Court rejected Mr. Trump’s request to temporarily block the Treasury Department from turning over the materials if he filed an appeal. No court raised objections.



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